DOWNLOAD OR READ: AIA DOCUMENT B PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI. Page 1 General Conditions of the Contract for Construction aia document b Ebook Legal Guide To Aia Documents currently available at freemindakebe.ga for review conditions b owner architect agreement c architect consultant. EPUB Until recently. You to Comparative Analysis between No. AIA Contract Documents-Contract Relationship Diagrams A-Series: Aia a pdf.
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(Architect Contract and Plans and Specifications for New Mecca Cafe) Owner and Architect with Standard Form of Architect's Services (AIA Document B AGREEMENT made as of the «» day of «January» in the year «». (In words, indicate this document. AIA Document B™ – (formerly B™ – Part 1). freemindakebe.ga Cache Epub Pg Uploaded by. construction contracts read chapters 1 5 8 1 3 5 legal contracts responsibilities read chapters 7 10 9 89 22 aia documents b a ab
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Free Documents for Download at www. The downloads are free. Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and. Owner- Contractor Agreement - Stipulated Sum.
General Information. Free aia b download. Industry spanning 50 states— each of them free to adopt different, and. A request for mediation shall be made in writing, delivered to the other party to the Agreement. If an arbitration proceeding is stayed pursuant to this Section, the parties may nonetheless proceed to the selection of the arbitrator s and agree upon a schedule for later proceedings.
The mediation shall be held in the place where the Project is located, unless another location is mutually agreed upon. Written and executed agreements reached in mediation shall be enforceable as settlement agreements in any court having jurisdiction thereof.
If the parties cannot agree on selection of a mediator, either party may apply to the local state court and the appointed judge shall select the mediator. Check the appropriate box. If the Owner and Architect do not select a method of binding dispute resolution below, or do not subsequently agree in writing to a binding dispute resolution method other than litigation, the dispute will be resolved in a court of competent jurisdiction.
Regardless of the method of dispute resolution chosen by Owner, the parties to this Agreement expressly waive and release any rights either has to recover attorney fees and costs and, expert fees and costs incurred in connection with any and all disputes or claims of any kind arising out of the Project, including, without limitation, any rights to recover such fees and costs granted by any federal or state statute, regulation, or rule, including, but not limited to, lien statutes.
This waiver and release applies to any and all claims of any kind, regardless of legal or equitable theory, and applies to fees and costs incurred before, during and after any mediation, arbitration, litigation, or court proceeding.
Standard reconnection between arcades We analyze the geometry of the reconnection which involves a pair of arcades that initially overlay the flux rope, like it occurs in 2D in the standard CSHKP flare-model. While this was also done in Aulanier et al.
Using Fig. These initial and final natures of the field line are ensured by chosing F1 to remain outside of the hook at all times, and have it being swept by the straight, ribbon-like portions of the QSL-footprint at some time during the simulation.
Then using the method as described in Sect. And followed the time-evolution of these two field lines from the fixed footpoints F1 and F2 both located on the same side of the PIL.
Both arcades are plotted in Fig. These three panels merely show a 3D version of the CSHKP model: the arcade rooted in F1 turns into a a flare loop; and the arcade rooted in F2 becomes part of the flux rope.
Since this reconnection naturally builds up the flux rope envelope, it contributed to an increase in the flux-rope footpoint area, and thus in a growth of the QSL hooks. Projection views of the three field lines rooted in the footpoints F1, F2 and F3, plotted at selected times.
Each field line is labeled according to its topology at the time that it is plotted, and is colored according to that of its footpoint as plotted in Fig. Panels c—d resp.
The bottom of the figure indicates which part of the QSL-footpoint i. But most surprising is the final state of the purple field line rooted in F2.
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Instead it also turned into a flare loop. Further analysis as reported in Figs. New reconnection terminologies Here we introduce new terminologies to describe the geometries that are involved in the various types of reconnection which occur in our eruptive-flare model.
We describe the geometries by two pairs of code-letter separated by a hyphen, with the pre post reconnection state on the left right of the hyphen. When it is required, we respect the order of the code-letters when considering fixed footpoints located in the same polarity, that is, the first second code-letter correspond to the field line that is rooted in the same fixed footpoint as that of the third fourth code-letter.
In this way, the reconnection as shown in Figs. Using the same rule, the reconnection as shown in Figs. Hereafter we pursue our analysis on the identification of reconnection geometries that result in the drifting of the flux rope, using this same new terminology.
And every type of reconnection is indicated with this terminology at the bottom of the corresponding illustrations, as seen in Fig. Reconnection between inclined arcades and rope leg Here we describe our analysis of the type of reconnection that is primarily involved in shifting flux rope footpoints away from the flaring PIL, as previously noted in Sect.
In order to visualize the flux-rope erosion on its inner side that faces the PIL, we select a footpoint F4 so that its corresponding field line belongs to the flux-rope at the eruption onset, and later becomes a flare loop. This is just like the reconnecting flare-loop pink field-lines as plotted in Fig.
The selected position for F4 is shown in pink in Fig. We find the footpoint F5 of the cyan field line that reconnects with the pink one originating from F4. It is located at the edge of the hook, on its side which is located away from the PIL. Figure 5 a shows that, at the eruption onset, the field line rooted in F5 is an inclined arcade that overlies the end part of the flux rope. Figure 5 c Fig.
They reveal that the reconnection has transferred the inclined arcade into the flux-rope while it turned the flux-rope field-line into a flare loop.
So according to Sect. Same as Fig.
Flare loops resulting from multiple reconnections As noted in Sect. It starts by a leftward expansion. And it is followed by a rightward contraction. This back and forth motion implies that individual field-lines sequentially move in-and-out of the flux rope through multiple reconnections. Here we follow the evolution and analyze the series of reconnections of the field line which is rooted in the footpoint F6, chosen to be located in the area which is swept in both directions by the moving hook.
Figure 6 a shows that at the onset time of the eruption this orange field line is a very low-lying inclined arcade. We followed the same procedure as explained in Sect. Figure 6 a shows that, before these reconnection happen, the two green and blue related field-lines belong to the flux rope and to the overlaying arcades, respectively.
By linking the current-ribbons as plotted in Fig. However this QSL is not directly related with the evolution of the eruptive flux-rope evolution. Also it is a by-product of the specific formation-process for the pre-eruptive flux-rope which we used so it may not exist in all eruptive flares. And we see here that this reconnection resulted in a relatively small change in field line connectivity for this arcade.
Therefore we argue that this preliminary reconnection may not be important in general for the drifting of erupting flux ropes.
It is, nevertheless worth mention, since it might happen in some real solar events and then explain some complex pattern in hooked flare-ribbons. There the orange arcade reconnects with the green flux-rope field-line with the exact same ar—rf reconnection geometry as described above and as reported in Fig.
The second reconnection occurs several tens of tA later, after the altitude of the apex of the orange flux-rope field-line has roughly doubled see Figs.
There this line reconnects with the blue arcade, which also expanded from the eruption onset time, as a result of the eruption pushing it from below. This sequence of reconnections eventually produces one blue expanding flux-rope field-line and two orange and green slowly relaxing downward-moving flare-loops see Fig. Discussion The standard CSHKP flare-model in 2D only allows for reconnection between pairs of arcades that initially overlay the erupting flux rope.
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It produces a new twisted field-line that increases the poloidal flux of the rope, as well as a flare loop underneath the flux rope. Using our terminology as defined in Sect.
One example of the 3D version of this reconnection occurring in our simulation is shown in Figs. Previously published examples can be seen in the Fig. It can also be inferred in many other 3D eruption models e. In addition to the standard aa—rf reconnection, solar eruptions can also involve reconnections between eruptive field-lines and neighboring or surrounding loops.
They are associated with topological features such as null-points and QSLs that are present in the corresponding potential field. As for the standard reconnection, these reconnections can happen in 2D as modeled e.
On the observational side, they can account for so-called secondary flare ribbons that develop on the side of or around the source region of the flare e. When modeled in 3D, they can result in the jumping not the drifting of one of the flux-rope footpoints to a distant location e.
In this work, we have identified two new reconnection geometries and three new reconnection sequences that may occur during eruptive flares, within the erupting bipole independently of any multi-polar topology of the largescale magnetic field.
The two new geometries are: The rr—rf reconnection: there two flux-rope field-lines reconnect with each other; this generates a new multi-turn flux-rope field line and a flare loop; the latter is anchored on both sides of the central part of the flaring PIL, between the two straight portions of the QSL footprints see Figs.
The ar—rf reconnection: there an inclined arcade rooted within the erupting bipole reconnects with the leg of a flux-rope field line; it generates new flux-rope field line rooted far away from the PIL and a flare loop; the footpoints of the latter are located near the end of the flaring-PIL, one being close to the hooked section of one J-shaped QSL footprint, and the other being near the end of the straight part of the other J-shaped QSL footprint see e.
The three new sequences are: An initial standard aa—rf reconnection followed by a series of rr—rf reconnection: all together they increase the poloidal flux i.
A single ar—rf reconnection: it leads to a field-line footpoint exchange that erodes the flux rope on one side, while it builds it up on the other side; it maintains the total axial flux along the flux rope; it shifts the QSL hook in position and therefore leads to a gradual drifting of the flux rope footpoints see Fig.
A series of the same ar—rf reconnections: they initially transfer an initially low-lying arcade into the flux rope, and then to turn it into a long flare loop; they shift one part of the QSL hook back-and-forth and eventually also contribute to the drifting of the flux rope footpoints see Fig.
All these reconnections involve the erupting flux-rope and result in the continuous expansion and drifting of its footpoints away from the PIL. They are associated with the QSLs that separate the flux-rope from its surrounding arcades, in particular the QSL hooks, which are purely three-dimensional features. Nevertheless they eventually produce flare loops, more specifically the ones located at both ends of the flaring PIL.
So if the model can be confirmed by observations, then these reconnections will have to be regarded as an important ingredient of eruptive flares. Revisiting observations of hooked flare ribbons 5. Two X class flares with hooked ribbons To investigate whether the predicted drifting of erupting flux rope footpoints exist in flare observations, we turn to two well-known X-class flares, the X1.
We note that these two flares have already successfully served to test the predictions of the 3D extensions to the standard solar flare model Aulanier et al. The July 12, flare was studied by many authors e.
A context image of the flare ribbons is shown in Fig. The AIA spatial resolution is 1.We followed the same procedure as explained in Sect. This drifting is due to a series of coronal reconnections that erode the flux rope on one side and enlarge it on the other side. Hub Keyseat Depth Lower Deviation.
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Hub keyseat has been sometimes referred to as a keyway. If not, the footpoint Fa has to be adjusted manually. Further analysis as reported in Figs. The latter have been reported for many events e.