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Die Verwandlung/The Metamorphosis – Bilingual edition German/English – Doppeltext. Read {PDF Epub} Download Die Verwandlung von Franz Kafka: L by Alain Ottiker from the story Or by martainnbaconcini43 with 0 reads. may, approach, half. PDF | On Jan 1, , Peer Vries and others published Jürgen Osterhammel, Die Verwandlung der Welt. Eine Geschichte des

He wakes up one morning finding himself transformed into an insect. After the metamorphosis, Gregor becomes unable to work and is confined to his room for most of the remainder of the story.

This prompts his family to begin working once again. Gregor is depicted as isolated from society and often misunderstands the true intentions of others.

The name "Gregor Samsa" appears to derive partly from literary works Kafka had read.

Sacher-Masoch wrote Venus in Furs , a novel whose hero assumes the name Gregor at one point. A "Venus in furs" literally recurs in The Metamorphosis in the picture that Gregor Samsa has hung on his bedroom wall.

Initially Grete and Gregor have a close relationship, but this quickly fades. While Grete initially volunteers to feed him and clean his room, she grows increasingly impatient with the burden and begins to leave his room in disarray out of spite.

Her initial decision to take care of Gregor may have come from a desire to contribute and be useful to the family, since she becomes angry and upset when the mother cleans his room, and it is made clear that Grete is disgusted by Gregor; she could not enter Gregor's room without opening the window first because of the nausea he caused her, and leaves without doing anything if Gregor is in plain sight.

She plays the violin and dreams of going to the conservatory, a dream Gregor had intended to make happen; Gregor had planned on making the announcement on Christmas Day. To help provide an income for the family after Gregor's transformation, she starts working as a salesgirl. Grete is also the first to suggest getting rid of Gregor, which causes Gregor to plan his own death. At the end of the story, Grete's parents realize that she has become beautiful and full-figured and decide to consider finding her a husband.

The Metamorphosis

Samsa[ edit ] Mr. Samsa is Gregor's father.

After the metamorphosis, he is forced to return to work in order to support the family financially. His attitude towards his son is harsh; he regards the transformed Gregor with disgust and possibly even fear, and he attacks him on multiple occasions.

Samsa[ edit ] Mrs. Samsa is Grete and Gregor's mother. She is initially shocked at Gregor's transformation; however, she wants to enter his room. This proves too much for her, thus giving rise to a conflict between her maternal impulse and sympathy, and her fear and revulsion at Gregor's new form. Apart from Grete and her father, she is the only person who is in close contact with Gregor. She is the one who notices that Gregor had died and disposes of his body.

Interpretation[ edit ] Like most Kafka works, The Metamorphosis tends to entail the use of a religious Max Brod or psychological interpretation by most of its interpreters. Besides the psychological approach, interpretations focusing on sociological aspects which see the Samsa family as a portrayal of general social circumstances, have gained a large following as well.

He instead chose an interpretation guided by the artistic detail but categorically excluded any and all attempts at deciphering a symbolic or allegoric level of meaning. Arguing against the popular father complex theory, he observed that it is the sister, more so than the father, who should be considered the cruelest person in the story, as she is the one backstabbing Gregor.

Die Verwandlung

As the central narrative theme he makes out the artist's struggle for existence in a society replete with philistines that destroys him step by step.

Gegensatz und Einheitlichkeit, Stil und Dargestelltes, Darstellung und Fabel sind in vollkommener Weise ineinander verwoben. Traditionally, critics of Metamorphosis have underplayed the fact that the story is not only about Gregor but also his family and especially, Grete's metamorphosis as it is mainly Grete, woman, daughter, sister, on whom the social and psychoanalytic resonances of the text depend.

The appearance of figures with such almost irreconcilable personalities who form couples in Kafka's works has been evident since he wrote his short story Description of a Struggle e.

Franz Kafka - Die Verwandlung

They also appear in The Judgement Georg and his friend in Russia , in all three of his novels e. Neumann, M. Pasley, J. Frankfurt a. Kafka, F. Alt, P. Franz Kafka. Der ewige Sohn, Eine Biographie. Anderson, M. Kafka and Sacher-Masoch.

Bloom ed. New York: Chelsea House, , — Beck, E. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press. Beicken, P. Die Verwandlung. Stuttgart: Reclam. Bermejo-Rubio, F. Die Bedeutsamkeit der Fehlleistungen. Moralische Konf- likte in Kafkas Die Verwandlung, forthcoming. Binder, H. Entstehung, Deutung, Wirkung. Born, J. Kafkas Bibliothek. Ein beschreibendes Verzeichnis. Ehrlich, V. Essays on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday. The Hague: Mouton, — Gray, R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Heselhaus, C.


Holland, N. Realism and Unrealism. Kiefer, E. Theaterspuren im Kafkas Werk. Kuna, F. Kafka, Gogol and Nathanael West. A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 85— Politzer, H.

Gross [eds. Werner Hoffmann, Kafkas Aphorismen, Bern , The brief and hesitating theologically-oriented comment by this author does not explain anything.

The lack of any reference to this aphorism in the general comments provided by Roberto Calasso Aforismi di Zur au, Milano suggests that this writer has not the slightest idea about its meaning.

Strelka [ed. In fact, throughout the text Gregor is sometimes designated with the neuter pronoun, but most frequently with the masculine pronoun. As far as the use of the distinct pronouns implies a completely different view of Gregor, these changes represent a further conflict. Neue Einblicke nach einhundert Jahren, Berlin , — According both to Max Brod and Kafka himself, when the writer read the story for his friends, they all laughed heartily; see Franz Kafka, Briefe an Felice und andere Korrespondenz aus der Verlobungszeit, Frankurt a.

Let us notice that, when Kafka tried to publish his novella in the Neue Rundschau in , he was asked by Oskar Bie or Samuel Fischer to abridge it. This betrayal is supported by legions of literary critics; see e.

Nabokov note , — The same could be said, however, about the alleged relationship between Die Verwandlung and the animal stories by the Danish writer Johannes V. Jensen pace Binder [note 3], 60— See Ruth K. Mark M. Evelyn T.

Aufzeichnungen und Erinnerungen, Frankfurt a. As is well known, the reliability of this witness has been categorically denied Google Scholar a. Josef Cerrnak, Franz Kafka, vymysty a mystifikace, Praha Die Verwandlung, London , The death of Jesus of Nazareth was interpreted in the Christian tradition from the Pauline writings on as a sacrificial and expiatory event.

Your Account Logout. This has been indeed argued by Mark Spilka, who has presented a plausible case Spilka While trying to move, Gregor finds that his office manager, the chief clerk, has shown up to check on him, indignant about Gregor's unexcused absence.

Unable to get up and leave the bed, Gregor reflects on his job as a traveling salesman and cloth merchant, which he characterizes as an exhausting and never-ending traffic. First Published The clue lies in realising that within the text there are two conflicting versions of the narrated events — e. Kurt Wolff: Kafka, F. As is well known, the reliability of this witness has been categorically denied Google Scholar a.

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