TO HIS COY MISTRESS. HAD we but world enough, and time,. This coyness Lady were no crime. We would sit down and think which way. To walk, and pass . To His Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell. Had we but world enough, and time,. This coyness, Lady, were no crime. We would sit down, and think which way. To His Coy Mistress. From Audio Poem of the DaySeptember By Andrew Marvell. Read More. More Poems by Andrew Marvell.

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𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Jan 1, , Sibaprasad Dutta and others published To His Coy Mistress: An OverView. An age at least to every part,. And the last age should show your heart. For, lady, you deserve this state,. Nor would I love at lower rate. To His Coy Mistress. Give students a copy of the Andrew Marvell poem, “To His Coy Mistress” ( appendix A) and have them annotate in the margins. (see appendix C for sample .

Before them is eternity, a vast desert where they'll both turn to dust and ashes in the grave. Beauty will die.

To His Coy Mistress Analysis

Not a very pleasant prospect. Lust turns to disgust. And Time flies. Let's devour time before it devours us. The instinct drives birds of prey, why not us; let's strike while the iron's hot, create a ball of passion and take on the sun.

As you can see, the argument builds up through the three sections of the poem, starting off with the speaker's assertion that the lady's coyness shyness, modesty wouldn't be deemed a moral crime if they had all the world in which to spend time together.

There then follows a series of potential scenarios laid out by the speaker to illustrate exactly what he means. There is a relaxed tone to these lines, spiced with hyperbole and allusion.

She, being of Indian descent perhaps, could go walking by the river Ganges in search of rubies in legend the river originates from a huge jujube tree near a hermitage where stands some stairs made of rubies and corals. Likewise, he, being from Hull in East Yorkshire, England, could go walking by the tidal river Humber.

Only he wouldn't be looking for precious stones, he'd be complaining - perhaps unhappy with the distance between him and his lady. And there would also be time, thousands of years, for him to admire her physical beauty, her eyes, her breasts and so on.

Keeping regular rhyme and rhythm throughout, the poem culminates in what many think is an alchemical climax of sorts, a coming together of male and female elements, with the emphasis on a passionate fusion, strong enough to affect even the sun. In conclusion, To His Coy Mistress explores the realm of human mortality, approaching the seriousness of this finite reality with humour, logic and ironic reflection.

Why let time get the upperhand when being pro-active could bring fulfilment?

We would sit down and think which way To walk, and pass our long Love's Day. I would Love you ten years before the Flood: And you should if you please refuse Till the conversion of the Jews.

My vegetable love should grow Vaster than empires, and more slow. An hundred years should go to praise Thine eyes and on thy forehead gaze. Two hundred to adore each breast: But thirty thousand to the rest.

An age at least to every part, And the last age should show your heart. For Lady you deserve this state; Nor would I love at lower rate.

Thy beauty shall no more be found; Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound My echoing song: then worms shall try That long preserved virginity: And your quaint honour turns to dust; And into ashes all my lust. The grave's a fine and private place, But none, I think, do there embrace. Let us roll all our strength, and all Our sweetness up into one ball: And tear our pleasures with rough strife, Thorough the iron gates of life: Thus, though we cannot make our sun Stand still, yet we will make him run.

Analysis of To His Coy Mistress To His Coy Mistress has been rightly lauded as a small masterpiece of a poem, primarily because it packs so much into a relatively small space. It manages to carry along on simple rhyming couplets the complex passions of a male speaker, hungry for sexual liason with a lady, before all devouring time swallows them up.

Lines 1 - 20 The argument begins with an appeal to the coy mistress based on the idea that, if time and space were limitless, they could spend their days in leisure, she by the exotic Ganges river for instance, he by the ebb and flow of the Humber.

To His Coy Mistress

Sex needn't be a priority in this fantasy world. The speaker's ironic tone even allows for his love of the lady a decade before the old testament flood, and she could say no to his advances up to the time when the Jews convert to Christianity - which would never ever happen of course.

This tongue-in-cheek allusion to religious notions of the end of the world, plus the underlying urges for physical intimacy, have been too much for certain Christian groups and others in more modern times.

They would like the poem to be banned from being taught in school, claiming that it would negatively influence their children and that it condones predatory male behaviour. Years he would spend growing his love, like a vegetable grows slowly, rooted and strong, in the earth.

And he could bide his time admiring her physical beauty - her eyes, forehead, breasts and other parts. This imaginary scenario is a clever and slightly ludicrous set up.

He is clearly in awe of her body and totally wants her heart but because she refuses to comply he introduces this idea of a timeless, boundless love. Time becomes a metaphor for love but is little more than a limitless resource.

Lines 21 - 32 But all of the previous means nothing because the reality is that the clock is ticking louder and louder. Time is flying. And then one day you find ten years have got behind you, no one told you when to run, you missed the starting gun. Don't look over your shoulder.

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Don't look ahead either because there is a vast desert - eternity. The speaker's tone starts to alter, becoming more serious. The logical form of the poem runs: if Critical reception and themes[ edit ] Until recently, "To His Coy Mistress" had been received by many as a poem that follows the traditional conventions of carpe diem love poetry.

Some modern critics, however, argue Marvell's use of complex and ambiguous metaphors challenges the perceived notions of the poem. It as well raises suspicion of irony and deludes the reader with its inappropriate and jarring imagery. They reject the idea that Marvell's poem carries a serious and solemn mood.

In the second part of the poem, there is a sudden transition into imagery that involves graves, marble vaults and worms. The narrator's use of such metaphors to depict a realistic and harsh death that awaits the lovers seems to be a way of shocking the lady into submission. As well, critics note the sense of urgency of the narrator in the poem's third section, especially the alarming comparison of the lovers to "amorous birds of prey".

To His Coy Mistress

Annie Finch 's "Coy Mistress" [4] suggests that poetry is a more fitting use of their time than lovemaking, while A. Hope 's "His Coy Mistress to Mr. Marvell" turns down the offered seduction outright. Many authors have borrowed the phrase "World enough and time" from the poem's opening line to use in their book titles.

The phrase is used as a title chapter in Andreas Wagner's pop science book on the origin of variation in organisms, "Arrival of the Fittest". Also in the field of science fiction, Ursula K. Le Guin wrote a Hugo -nominated short story whose title, " Vaster than Empires and More Slow ", is taken from the poem.

Andrew Marvell and To His Coy Mistress

Ian Watson notes the debt of this story to Marvell, "whose complex and allusive poems are of a later form of pastoral to that which I shall refer, and, like Marvell, Le Guin's nature references are, as I want to argue, "pastoral" in a much more fundamental and interesting way than this simplistic use of the term. Beagle 's novel A Fine and Private Place about a love affair between two ghosts in a graveyard.

The latter phrase has been widely used as a euphemism for the grave, and has formed the title of several mystery novels. Eliot 's " The Love Song of J.But these, while I with sorrow pine, Grew more luxuriant still and fine, That not one blade of grass you spied, But had a flower on either side; When Juliana came, and she What I do to the grass, does to my thoughts and me. But Herricks theme is emphatically time, not love, although his observation that humanity is timebound echoes Marvells own thinking.

The latter phrase has been widely used as a euphemism for the grave, and has formed the title of several mystery novels.

Its context is the doctrine of the three souls: the rational, which in men subsumes the other two; the sensitive, which men and animals have in common and which is the principle of motion and perception; and, finally, the lowest of the three, the vegetable soul, which is the only one that plants possess and which is the principle of generation and corruption, of augmentation and decay.

The entire poem is filled with figures of speech and other poetic devices. O, let our voice His praise exalt Till it arrive at Heaven's vault, Which thence perhaps rebounding may Echo beyond the Mexique bay!

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